In 1864 Sealdah Market Building (at present Central Hall) was converted to Sealdah Municipal Hospital. On 1st Dec. 1873 the Sealdah Medical School was born out of the Sealdah Municipal Hospital. In 1884 it was named as Campbell Medical School and later on in July 1948 upgraded as Campbell Medical College. On 19th Aug. 1950 the College was renamed as Nilratan Sircar Medical College after the name of the great freedom fighter and alumni of this institution.
In 1895 the Lady Elliot Hostel, an artistically designed building was built out of a charity fund of Rs. 24.040/- generously donated by Her Highness of Mursidabad-Sams-E-Jahan Begum Paradua Mahal Shahiba which is still standing.
One of the most remarkable feature of this Institution is its Library on the 3rd floor of Academic Building with the large, well ventilated and well furnished reading room. This Library covers an area of 12,000 sq. ft. space. This library is proposed and designed to serve as a Central Medical Library.
A Medical Education Unit has already been setup in the Academic Building of this Institution. Workshops on Research Methodology, Biostatistics and Multi disciplinary Group Activities are some of the regular activity of the unit. Faculty Development Programme are also conducted by MEU.
Apart from under-graduate courses, the post-graduate degree and diploma and diploma courses in various disciplines are run. The colleges partakes in BDS, MDS, and NIOH curriculum including theory and practical classes.
A General Nursing-cum- Midwifery Course for three and a half years with 50 yearly admission is another side of this institution. There is a great fush and demand of this course. But the accommodation is less than desirable. Moves are on to increase and strengthen this wing of the college.